This week we slowed our pace to analyze the development of early beliefs about Jesus as the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecy about a coming Messiah. We looked at the variety of “primitive” terms Peter used to describe Jesus as he tailored his message to such a faithful, Jewish audience.
We discovered that although Peter’s Colonnade speech was structured as a “forensic judicial speech,” it had a very similar flow to his Pentecost sermon. Because of this, we were able to compare and contrast the calls to repentance (2:38 & 3:19). It is interesting to see the variation in terms amidst the consistency of the overall message: Repent!
Peter’s ultimate goal was redemption for his fellow Jews who had—in complete ignorance—killed the prophesied Messiah.
>> Click to read this week’s passage in KJV, HCSB, ESV, NIV: Acts 3:11-26 <<
Acts 3:16-19 ~ Repent & Turn
Primitive Christology, Judicial-Forensic Speech, Call to Repentance
* Recorded: LIVE. This audio has been edited for class member privacy, time, and content.
Books Referenced in Class:
Like Ben Witherington’s previous commentary Conflict and Community in Corinth, this commentary breaks fresh ground in providing a detailed social and rhetorical analysis of the book of Acts. Written in a readable style, with more detailed interaction with scholarly discussion found in the various excursuses, this commentary draws on the best new insights from a number of disciplines (narratological studies of Luke-Acts, archaeological and social scientific study of the New Testament, rhetorical analysis of Acts, comparative studies in ancient historiography) to provide the reader with the benefits of recent innovative ways of analyzing the text of Acts.
In addition there is detailed attention to major theological and historical issues, including the question of the relationship of Acts to the Pauline letters, the question of early Christian history and how the church grew and developed, the relationship between early Judaism and early Christianity, and the relationship between Christianity and the officials of the Roman Empire. (Description from Amazon.com)
Flavius Josephus was a first-century Pharisee, Jewish historian, Roman consultant, and writer. He documented aspects of life during the time of Christ, giving us extensive writings on ancient Jewish history in existence. By studying Josephus’ works, readers gain a behind-the-scenes look at biblical figures including Abraham, Moses, John the Baptist, and James the brother of Jesus, plus insights into the Dead Sea Scrolls community, Sadducees and Pharisees, the Jewish Revolt, and more. (Description from Amazon.com)
- The War of the Jews—an account of the Jewish revolt against Rome up to the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem
- The Antiquities of the Jews—a history of the Jews from Creation to the Roman occupation of Palestine
- The Life of Flavius Josephus—the autobiography of Josephus, who fought against Rome and later served the empire
- Against Apion—a defense of the origin of Judaism in the face of Greco-Roman slanders
- Discourse to the Greeks Concerning Hades—a text Whiston attributed to Josephus
- Index of parallels between Josephus’s Antiquities and the Old Testament including the Apocrypha
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