Repent & Turn

Acts 3:16-19 ~ Repent & Turn

This week we slowed our pace to analyze the development of early beliefs about Jesus as the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecy about a coming Messiah. We looked at the variety of “primitive” terms Peter used to describe Jesus as he tailored his message to such a faithful, Jewish audience.

We discovered that although Peter’s Colonnade speech was structured as a “forensic judicial speech,” it had a very similar flow to his Pentecost sermon. Because of this, we were able to compare and contrast the calls to repentance (2:38 & 3:19). It is interesting to see the variation in terms amidst the consistency of the overall message: Repent!

Peter’s ultimate goal was redemption for his fellow Jews who had—in complete ignorance—killed the prophesied Messiah. 

>> Click to read this week’s passage in KJV, HCSB, ESV, NIV: Acts 3:11-26 <<

Acts 3:16-19 ~ Repent & Turn

Primitive Christology, Judicial-Forensic Speech, Call to Repentance

* Recorded: LIVE. This audio has been edited for class member privacy, time, and content.

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Books Referenced in Class:

Like Ben Witherington’s previous commentary Conflict and Community in Corinth, this commentary breaks fresh ground in providing a detailed social and rhetorical analysis of the book of Acts. Written in a readable style, with more detailed interaction with scholarly discussion found in the various excursuses, this commentary draws on the best new insights from a number of disciplines (narratological studies of Luke-Acts, archaeological and social scientific study of the New Testament, rhetorical analysis of Acts, comparative studies in ancient historiography) to provide the reader with the benefits of recent innovative ways of analyzing the text of Acts.

In addition there is detailed attention to major theological and historical issues, including the question of the relationship of Acts to the Pauline letters, the question of early Christian history and how the church grew and developed, the relationship between early Judaism and early Christianity, and the relationship between Christianity and the officials of the Roman Empire. (Description from Amazon.com)

The Complete Works of Josephus
The Complete Works of Josephus

Flavius Josephus was a first-century Pharisee, Jewish historian, Roman consultant, and writer. He documented aspects of life during the time of Christ, giving us extensive writings on ancient Jewish history in existence. By studying Josephus’ works, readers gain a behind-the-scenes look at biblical figures including Abraham, Moses, John the Baptist, and James the brother of Jesus, plus insights into the Dead Sea Scrolls community, Sadducees and Pharisees, the Jewish Revolt, and more. (Description from Amazon.com)

Features include:

  • The War of the Jews—an account of the Jewish revolt against Rome up to the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem
  • The Antiquities of the Jews—a history of the Jews from Creation to the Roman occupation of Palestine
  • The Life of Flavius Josephus—the autobiography of Josephus, who fought against Rome and later served the empire
  • Against Apion—a defense of the origin of Judaism in the face of Greco-Roman slanders
  • Discourse to the Greeks Concerning Hades—a text Whiston attributed to Josephus
  • Index of parallels between Josephus’s Antiquities and the Old Testament including the Apocrypha

Disclosure of Material Connection: Some of the links in the post above are “affiliate links.” This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, I will receive an affiliate commission. Regardless, I only recommend products or services I use personally and believe will add value to my readers. I am disclosing this in accordance with the Federal Trade Commission’s 16 CFR, Part 255: “Guides Concerning the Use of Endorsements and Testimonials in Advertising.”

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About the author: Laura Zielke

Laura Zielke (ZELL-key) is a deep thinker and Bible scholar. She is not afraid to question tradition and challenges people to evaluate their beliefs according to the Scriptures. Laura earned her M-Div. from Midwestern Baptist Theological Seminary with an emphasis on Biblical Studies, Archaeology, and Languages. She has been blessed to serve as a lay leader in local churches for more than thirty years. Having been recognized as an outstanding leader, teacher, and entrepreneur, Laura serves as the Community Manager for the Nonprofit Leadership Lab (an organization dedicated to helping nonprofit leaders worldwide accomplish their mission), and she is on the board of directors at Shield Your Faith (an apologetics ministry). She and her husband of 21 years have one son who is in the 10th grade and homeschooled. Laura is an INTJ on the Meyers-Briggs Personality Type Indicator, and enjoys helping people discover more about themselves, the Lord, and their purpose in life. Connect with her on social media: @thezwomann (Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and Pinterest).

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