The purpose of this article is to help conservative white evangelicals think through a biblical response to the nationwide growing demand to remove and/or relocate Confederate monuments.Continue reading
“A Monumental Crisis” Revisited
The purpose of this article is to help conservative white evangelicals think through a biblical response to the nationwide growing demand to remove and/or relocate Confederate monuments.Continue reading
A Monumental Crisis
Are you open-minded enough to entertain a thought without accepting it? What if the thought has merit? Would you consider changing a deeply-held conviction? Or is it impossible to change your mind on certain issues no matter what?!
Anyone who knows me knows that I’m an INTJ. Learning my personality type back in 2013 was one of the most liberating experiences of my life! Without delving into a diatribe declaring the importance of understanding your personality, I want to share ONE aspect of mine about which I am particularly proud: My beliefs run deep, and I am not easily swayed.
I love learning, and I truly enjoy exploring issues from all sides (which can be annoying for people who don’t like answering all my questions). And, truth be told, even after intense debate and scrutiny of various positions, I rarely change my opinion mainly because it took a lot of time and consideration for me to arrive at it in the first place.
However, when I am presented with logical arguments based on facts that run contrary to my convictions, I am willing to re-evaluate and update my views when necessary. I’ll be the first to admit that it doesn’t happen very often, but it happened recently, and I’d like to share my journey with you.
A Crisis of Biblical Importance
The purpose of this article is primarily to help conservative white evangelicals think through a biblical response to the possible removal of Confederate monuments across the United States.
Let’s begin with a Haiku. Because. I just felt like writing one. ?
Life is History.
Study it. Grasp it. Teach it.
Learn from it. Make it.
Archaeology and history are two of my favorite subjects. I have a deep appreciation of the past and a passion for historical preservation.
Over the past few years, my family has been blessed to visit many of the monuments and memorials in Washington D.C.; Mount Rushmore in Keystone, South Dakota (or as OnStar called it, “Moun Trushmore”); the Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Missouri; the Veterans Memorial Park in Tuscaloosa, Alabama; and the beautiful West Virginia Veterans Memorial in Charleston.
We’ve visited George Washington’s home at Mt. Vernon, Thomas Jefferson’s home at Monticello, and the Arlington House/Robert E. Lee Memorial at Arlington National Cemetery.
In the summer of 2016, we drove from California to North Carolina through the middle of the United States on Highways 50 & 70. This was our first time on that particular route, and within the course of a week, we were able to visit seven national parks, six state capitols, and one historical building that witnessed the beginning of the end of slavery in this country.
Nationwide Memorials to the Civil War
Every state capitol we visited featured some type of war memorial with authentic, battle-worn cannons, long guns, sculptures, statues, and/or monuments—each one created to honor those who lost their lives fighting for our freedom. And nearly every state capitol we visited had some type of memorial of the Civil War—even Denver, Colorado!
While driving through Kansas, in between two major storm systems (That was fun! Not!), we unexpectedly stumbled upon a town I had not previously heard of: Lecompton, Kansas. It’s branded as “The Birthplace of the Civil War,” and since we were in the middle of studying the Civil War, we decided to stop and check it out. And much to our benefit, we arrived on a local history day. Middle-school children from neighboring communities enjoyed a dramatic presentation at the theater, a visit to the local museum, a dramatic recitation of an important speech, and a visit with a 19th-century trader at his trading post.
We were invited to participate in all activities, and we sat in on the re-enactment of an anti-slavery speech which was given in the exact same 160-year-old building where it had been given in the 1800s! It was inside this building, Constitution Hall, that a pro-slavery constitution was drafted and rejected—affecting the upcoming election and igniting what would eventually explode into the Civil War.
Gone, but Not Forgotten
That trip across the country was both beautiful and educational, but it was good to be home. We live in North Carolina, and our own state capitol building in Raleigh is surrounded by memorials to at least six wars. Here are some of the photos we took a couple years ago when we walked around Union Square. The craftsmanship on these statues is truly breathtaking—especially the detail of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.
Why am I sharing all this?
When I hear the arguments for and against removal of certain memorials, I take them seriously because I’ve stopped. I’ve learned. I’ve listened. I’ve touched. I’ve photographed. I’ve remembered. I’ve held my breath in gratitude.
I get it!
Monuments are powerful reminders of our shared history, but our shared future is more important. #memorials #monuments Click To Tweet
However, I have come to believe that while monuments and memorials are powerful reminders of our shared history, our shared future is more important.
In 2015 when a young white supremacist killed nine African American men and women at a church in Charleston, South Carolina, the cry for the removal of Confederate symbols hit an all-time high. It began with a debate over flying the Confederate flag on state property, and it soon spiraled out to include the removal of Confederate monuments. I was wholeheartedly against that decision.
My reasoning sounded something like this:
The statues are preserving our history and honoring those who fought in the War between the States. Removing them is like erasing history, and I’m against that. We need to learn from our mistakes, and showing our kids historical monuments is memorable and important. Besides, they honor real people who lost their lives fighting for what they believed in, and their sacrifice deserves to be honored.
This rationale is based on three wobbly pillars: outdated information, “white-titlement,” and idolatry.
In ancient times, an enemy could influence the historical record simply by defacing monuments (e.g., the Sphinx) or destroying documents and artifacts (e.g., the library at Alexandria). As Winston Churchill so profoundly remarked: “History is written by the victors.” Well, that was then. This is now.
The point is this: We live, eat, and breathe in the twenty-first century. To think that relocating a few hundred statues and memorials will somehow change the historical record is pure nonsense. Removing monuments from the public square will no more erase history than removing Nixon from the White House erased Watergate or removing Donald Trump’s Twitter account will erase his tweets.
Thanks to advanced technology, high-speed internet, and physical storage of data, preserving information has never been easier. Add to this the wide availability of access to audio and video recording devices and software, erasing history or modifying it for personal gain has become—for all intents and purposes—impossible. In other words, crowd-sourced history is here to stay, and it is instantly accessible 24/7/365 from your smart watch.
Crowd-sourced history is here to stay, and it is instantly accessible 24/7/365 from your smart watch. Click To Tweet
“White-titlement” is a term I’ve coined to refer to the sense of entitlement some white people feel when confronted with a request (or even a demand) from people of color that makes them feel uncomfortable. It comes out in phrases like, “What’s the big deal?” and “It doesn’t bother me!” and “Why can’t they just get over it? Nobody I know has ever owned slaves.”
White citizens of the United States will never have the same experience that African Americans have when viewing Confederate memorials and statues, BUT we can try by using our imaginations. So, imagine this:
You are an African American citizen of the United States of America, and though you were born and raised here, there is slavery in your family tree.
Your great, great grandparents were kidnapped from their homes/friends/family/culture, transported in horrific conditions across the ocean, and then sold to the highest bidder for a lifetime of servitude.
They lost everything while being denied any opportunity for gain. Many years later, when some lobbied to abolish slavery, others fought against it.
And when you see monuments on public display honoring those who fought to defend the right to own slaves—whether they owned slaves or not—is worse than pouring lemon juice on a paper cut.
It’s a constant reminder that your origins in this country began with kidnapping, humiliation, and enslavement and that some of your fellow citizens will never accept you as equals.
When it all comes down, there is no way a white person can experience a Confederate monument the same way an African American person does: It’s impossible. Our recent ancestors were not enslaved!
Are you still reading?
I hope so, because at this point, all I’ve done is stir the pot, right? My arguments are probably less than convincing, and you’d like to counter each observation—plus make a few more points of your own which I haven’t addressed.
I am aware.
You want me to do some research so that I understand the “real” cause of the Civil War and how it was about taxes and other issues. You want me to appreciate the fact that these were real people who gave their lives, and believe they should be honored for their sacrifice. You want to point out that Yankees also owned slaves, and that slavery was not the main reason for the War. Oh, wait, I already said that.
You want to point out that tearing down statues is anarchy, and we cannot acquiesce to mob rule. Destroying monuments is a crime and they should be punished. So, we should leave the monuments there to prove a point.
What if I told you that NONE of what I’ve written so far addresses the root cause of this emotionally-charged, extremely divisive dilemma?
What if I told you that as FOLLOWERS of JESUS CHRIST, we should have NO issue with the removal of Confederate statues, memorials, or monuments?
What if I told you that UNDERNEATH the rhetoric and racism lurks a different, more SINISTER problem as old as the world itself?
The problem is idolatry, plain and simple. It’s the third wobbly pillar and the most damning of all: idolatry.
Although no one believes the statue of Stonewall Jackson is representative of a god, and nobody was worshiping the Robert E. Lee statue prior to the events in Charlottesville, idolatry exists just the same.
According to Merriam-Webster, idolatry is “immoderate attachment or devotion to something,” and Random House defines it as “excessive or blind adoration, reverence, devotion, etc.” Just let that sink in for a moment.
There’s no denying the fact that there exists “immoderate attachment and devotion” to our Confederate memorials—even among Christians—and this “excessive reverence” for works of bronze, metal, clay, and stone is, in fact, idolatry.
The fruit of idolatry is conflict, pride, self-reliance, and division. Click To Tweet
The fruit of idolatry is conflict, pride, self-reliance, and division—all undeniable qualities of this monumental conflict.
Be sober-minded; be watchful. Your adversary the devil prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour.” 1 Peter 5:8
Do not be deceived: The fight over monuments is nothing more than one of satan’s tactics to divide and conquer.
For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the cosmic powers over this present darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly places.” Ephesians 6:12
As long as our eyes are fixed on each other and not on the Lord, we risk turning people away from hope and salvation that can only be found in Him.
The Christian Response
What’s our mission here? What have we been called to? To fight the relocation of historical artifacts, because we don’t want them moved? Or is our mission to win people over to the saving grace of Jesus Christ? Jesus said,
Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you.” Matthew 28:19-20
What are we, as Christians, to be known for?
Finally, all of you, have unity of mind, sympathy, brotherly love, a tender heart, and a humble mind.” 1 Peter 3:8
Are we willing to sacrifice our own handiwork for the sake of unity and peace?
The wisdom from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, open to reason, full of mercy and good fruits, impartial and sincere. And a harvest of righteousness is sown in peace by those who make peace.” James 3:17-18
Are we willing to step out of our comfort zones in order to reach those who otherwise might not be reached?
I have become all things to all people, that by all means I might save some. I do it all for the sake of the gospel, that I may share with them in its blessings.” 1 Corinthians 9:22b-23
Have we placed the love of things above the love of people?
Do not love the world or the things in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him. For all that is in the world—the desires of the flesh and the desires of the eyes and pride of life—is not from the Father but is from the world. And the world is passing away along with its desires, but whoever does the will of God abides forever.” 1 John 2:15-17
I’d like to leave you with a few questions to ponder as you examine your own heart and evaluate your response to this monumental crisis:
- If I knew that my attitude against removing Confederate monuments was a stumbling block to another person’s coming to know the Lord, would I be willing to stand down?
- Is preservation of a temporal monument more important than an eternal soul?
- Is the adversary using my words and/or actions to make another person feel oppressed, unheard, and hostile to the gospel message?
- Is my heart being hardened towards protesters? People of color? Liberals?
- What does Scripture say about this type of conflict?
- Based on what I know about Jesus, how do I think He would respond to this crisis?
- And, finally, how would He have me respond to the crisis? To my neighbor? To those seeking light in a dark world?
As you do a little soul searching and self examen, I encourage you to open the Scriptures with a friend. Dig for the truth. Be teachable. Allow the Holy Spirit to speak truth into your soul. As Paul wrote in his letter to the Romans:
Why do you pass judgment on your brother? Or you, why do you despise your brother? For we will all stand before the judgment seat of God; for it is written,
‘As I live, says the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God.’
So then each of us will give an account of himself to God.
Therefore let us not pass judgment on one another any longer, but rather decide never to put a stumbling block or hindrance in the way of a brother.” Romans 14:10-13
After much consideration, I have come to agree that monuments honoring soldiers who fought for the Confederacy should be moved to museums or venues specifically designed to educate people about the Civil War. There really is no need to have them in the public square. It’s time to move on.
Iron Chariots or “Idol” Chariots?
The question is: “Why are the biblical authors so interested in the role of chariot divisions? What do chariots represent?”
I have to admit that I was really surprised at how many times the word “chariots” appears in the Bible. I guess it makes sense due to the military focus of many of the books; however, finding “chariots” in the poets, prophets, deutero-canon, and New Testament points to significance far beyond its role as a military weapon.
Chariots: More than Transportation
The chariot was not only a formidable weapon which often led its owners to victory through both intimidation and sheer maneuverability, it was a symbol of power and might, and evolved into more than that over time. When the Israelites (and Judahites) began relying on chariots for victory rather than God, the chariots–for all intents and purposes–became their idols.
Over and over again, we see the mention of chariots and chariot drivers preparing for battle, going to battle, fighting, and either emerging victorious or defeated–and to the winner goes the loser’s spoils including chariots and chariot drivers.
|A great article about ancient chariots (as well as the photo above) can be found at
One’s loss of chariots only served to underscore the sheer devastation of a defeat: “So Jehoahaz was left with an army of not more than fifty horsemen, ten chariots and ten thousand footmen; for the king of Aram had destroyed them and made them like the dust at threshing” (2 Kings 13:7). Here, the fact that Jehoahaz was left with only ten chariots shines the spotlight on his utter defeat. He might have 10,000 footmen, but since he only has 10 chariots, he’s “like the dust at threshing” (i.e., utterly defeated).
The Biblical writers are quick to point out that Israel’s (or Judah’s) reliance on chariots to win a battle is actually akin to idolatry, and, therefore, should never happen.
The ideal first step in Israelite (and Judahite) preparation for any battle was to seek the Lord’s guidance and follow His instructions. This step often led to strangely effective strategies for victory (e.g., Gideon vs. Midianites and Joshua vs. Canaanites at Jericho). In other words, if a
battle were to be won, it would be won because God took care of it, not because of how many chariots the king had: “Alas for those who go
down to Egypt for help and who rely on horses, who trust in chariots because they are many and in horsemen because they are very strong, but do not look to the Holy One of Israel or consult the Lord!” (Isaiah 31:1). The ‘strange’ strategies coming from a consultation with the Lord insured that after the battle was won, God would receive the glory for the victory and the peoples’ faith would be strengthened. Reliance on man-made objects for victory, on the other hand, would have the opposite result.
If, this first step (consulting God prior to battle) was skipped, it was an affront. Isaiah condemned bragging about military strategy that relied strictly on brains and brawn: “By your servants you have mocked the Lord, and you have said, ‘With my many chariots I have gone up to the heights of the mountains…'” (Isaiah 36:9). Neglecting to consult with the Lord prior to a battle often meant that the fight would be harder and not a guaranteed win, or if it were a win, there would be unforseen negative consequences which could have been easily avoided with the initial consultation. According to the prophets, military strategy should rely on God first…maybe even solely.
The writers of Chronicles are quick to point out that when you–first and foremost–rely on the Lord for victory in a battle, it does not matter
how many chariots the enemy has, the LORD will fight for you, and you will win. “Were not the Ethiopians and the Libyans a huge army with exceedingly many chariots and cavalry? Yet because you relied on the Lord, he gave them into your own hand” (2 Chron. 16:8).
In addition to relying on the Lord for victory, the prophets reminded the people that it really did not matter who was seated on a throne or how many chariots he had, God was ultimately the one orchestrating events, and He would depose rulers whenever He saw fit. Micah 5:10 and 5:15 says, “‘In that day,’ says the Lord, ‘I will cut off your horses from among you and will destroy your chariots…I will take vengeance in anger and wrath on the nations that have not obeyed me.”
Haggai 2:20-23 says: “The word of the Lord came to Haggai a second time on the twenty-fourth day of the month: ‘Tell Zerubbabel governor of Judah that I am going to shake the heavens and the earth. I will overturn royal thrones and shatter the power of the foreign kingdoms. I will overthrow chariots and their drivers; horses and their riders will fall, each by the sword of his brother. On that day,’ declares the Lord Almighty, ‘I will take you, my servant Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel,’ declares the Lord, ‘and I will make you like my signet ring, for I have chosen you,’ declares the Lord Almighty.”
So, the chariot is more than a weapon. It is a symbol of ultimate power (he who has the most chariots wins), prestige, and glory. It is envied due to its mobility and maneuverability. It is also a problem to the Israelites (and Judahites), if they start to rely more on chariots and their own plans than on God’s provisions and His plans. That behavior is expressly condemned by the prophets.